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In 1745 André Planché, a Huguenot immigrant from Saxony, settled in Derby, where between 17 he made soft-paste porcelain vases and figurines.At the beginning of 1756 he formed a business partnership with William Duesbury (1725–1786), a porcelain painter formerly at Chelsea porcelain factory and Longton Hall, and the banker John Heath.This was the foundation of the Derby company, although production at the works at Cockpit Hill, just outside the town, had begun before then, as evidenced by a creamware jug dated 1750, also in the possession of the Victoria and Albert Museum.Planché disappeared from the scene almost at once, and the business was developed by Duesbury and Heath, and later Duesbury alone.More important is the fact that the production of porcelain in Derby predates the commencement of the works of William Duesbury, started in 1756 when he joined Andrew Planche and John Heath to create the Nottingham Road factory, which later became the Royal Crown Derby.It is known by William Duesbury's own notes, that Derby had a solid production of exceptional quality porcelain in early 1750s.After settling in england, planche decided to open a porcelain factory.

The company, particularly known for its high-quality bone china, has produced tableware and ornamental items since approximately 1750.

Derby marks are many but most follow the same theme, with a cypher surmounted by a crown.

Dating early Derby is slightly more difficult than the more modern Royal Crown Derby, but dating Derby porcelain is much easier than many of the early English porcelain factories. Nottingham Road from 1756 to 1848 King Street from 1848 to 1935 And; Osmaston Road from 1877 to modern times.

The proof of the quality of locally produced material is evidenced by the fact that Duesbury, then a known enameller in London, have paid considerably more for pieces manufactured in Derby than for figurines made by rival factories in Bow and Chelsea.

It was common at the time that dealers purchased white glazed porcelain from various manufacturers, and send it to enamelists like Duesbury to do the final finishing (enamelling and colouring).

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